The localization of the donor electron wave function can be of key importance in various silicon applications, since for example it determines the interactions between neighboring donors. Interestingly, the physical confinement of the electrons in quasi-one-dimensional nanostructures, like silicon nanowires, noticeably affects this property. Using fully ab initio calculations, we show that the delocalization of the donor electron wave function along the axis of a nanowire is much greater in  oriented nanowires for phosphorus and selenium donors. We also demonstrate that its value can be controlled by applying a compressive or tensile uniaxial strain. Finally, we discuss the implications of these features from both an experimental and a theoretical point of view.
American Chemical Society
9 Oct 2013
Volume: 13 Issue: 10 Pages: 4963-4968