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Semiconductors, which are ferromagnetic at room temperature (RTFM), are strived after as potential multifunctional materials. For ZnO, RTFM has been achieved by heavy doping with 3d transition metals. However, neither the conditions for nor the origin of the magnetism is as yet understood. Here, by implanting ZnO at temperatures of 300–800K with dilute, radioactive Mn+57 ions, decaying to the Fe57m Mössbauer state, we show that, most likely, Fe atoms, located on Zn sites in a high-spin Fe3+ state at ⩽600K with large magnetic moments, are in a magnetically ordered atomic surrounding with ordering temperatures ⪢600K. The formation/annealing of the ordering is proposed to occur/disappear on an atomic scale upon the association/dissociation of complexes of Mn∕Fe probe atoms with the (mobile) Zn vacancies that are created in the implantation process. These results challenge present concepts to model …
American Institute of Physics
Publication date: 
1 Dec 2007

Gerd Weyer, Haraldur Pall Gunnlaugsson, R Mantovan, M Fanciulli, D Naidoo, K Bharuth-Ram, T Agne

Biblio References: 
Volume: 102 Issue: 11 Pages: 113915
Journal of Applied Physics